Costa Rica, Malaysia and the Philippines have separate agreements with the United States. The United States may receive waste from Costa Rica, Malaysia and the Philippines for recycling or disposal, but it is not allowed to export waste to those countries. Plenipotentiary Meeting: At the Plenipotentiary Meeting in Basel, Switzerland, in March 1989, considerable efforts were made to ban the text of the Convention in order to prevent rich industrialized countries from exporting their hazardous waste to developing countries. Indeed, most developed countries felt that this was the main reason for the convention itself. Because of the consensus process by which a country could block an agreement, they should be disappointed when the United States and some other developed countries have consistently blocked different variants of the ban. When the convention was adopted without the ban, the African Group refused to sign it and said it would create its own convention in Africa, which they then obtained (Bamako Convention). In addition, waste transfers must be packaged, labelled and transported in accordance with international rules. In the event of an accident during the transfer of waste, Basel requires officials to inform potentially affected countries of the accident. Finally, the parties to the convention must submit an annual report to the Basel secretariat detailing the quantities and types of hazardous waste exported or imported, as well as the methods of destination and disposal. In addition to the above import and export conditions, strict requirements apply to advertising, consent and monitoring of waste transfers across national borders. It should be noted that the Convention provides for a blanket ban on the export or importation of waste between parties and non-parties.

An exception to this rule is that waste is subject to another contract that is not exempt from the Basel Convention. The United States is a remarkable part of the convention and has a number of such agreements that allow the shipment of hazardous waste to the countries of the contracting part of Basel. After the first adoption of the Convention, some least developed countries and environmental organizations argued that it did not go far enough. Many nations and NGOs have spoken out in favour of a total ban on the transfer of all hazardous waste to the LDC. In particular, the original convention did not prohibit the export of waste to a place other than Antarctica, but simply required a notification and consent system known as “prior consent” or ICP.